Goldenseal is also known as orange-root because of its thick, yellow rhizome (or underground root). This inconspicuous wildflower is in danger of being over-harvested because the plant has numerous medicinal uses. It is purported to have anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and laxative effects, among others. Extracts of farm-raised goldenseal are sold in salves and tablet forms.
Goldenseal has a single hairy stem bearing two lobed leaves with serrate edges. The flower is small and produces a berry-type fruit. Goldenseal can be found growing in shady forests in the northern United States.