Until now, I did not know that Lily of the Valley grows wild in the Appalachian Mountains! The form that most of us know, the garden variety, was imported from Europe and then popularized in American gardens. But this species–the wild one- is a few degrees different, and it is appropriately called American Lily-of-the-Valley.
First of all, unlike the common cultivar, American Lily-of-the-Valley is not as likely to be found growing in dense colonies. You will probably just find a couple of plants at a time in any given area. The leaves of the plant are taller than the garden variety too (10-12 inches vs. 6 inches), and the flowering stems are shorter. It is harder to see the flowers of the native form, because they sit well below most of the leaf mass. That said, the white, bell-shaped flowers are identical, and they are just as pretty and fragrant as the garden cultivar!
This is a perennial plant that occurs in a limited range in the mid-Atlantic . It blooms between May and June.
It is not uncommon to find the escaped, cultivated form in the woods too, especially around old home sites. Again, the cultivated form (Convallaria majalis) has shorter leaves (6 inches) and the flowers bloom on longer stems that are held above the leaves.
Don’t try eating the beautiful leaves of either form! They are poisonous!
Note: Some people call the Canada Mayflower by the name Wild Lily-of-the-Valley. Check it out for comparison.
Here’s a gallery of the American Lily-of-the-Valley: